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On the docket: Eight states seek local laws to curb on-farm antibiotic use

Eight states have introduced legislation that seeks to restrict antibiotic use in food animals while increasing reporting requirements.  Below is a summary of these bills, along with the status of each.

What’s your opinion? Veterinarians and producers of these states can share their thoughts with their state legislators in the accompanying list.

1) California

Medically important antimicrobials: livestock and poultry

AB 1437, introduced in 2014 by Assemblyman Kevin Mullin (D), District 22

  • Ban the sale of a food product made from livestock or poultry that was fed medically important antibiotics for non-therapeutic use including growth promotion, feed efficiency, weight gain or disease prevention
  • Redefines “restricted drug” to include livestock drugs recognized by the Centers for Disease Control or World Health Organization as capable of increasing antibiotic-resistant bacteria

Status: At press time, the bill was withdrawn due to industry opposition.

 

Food animals: medically important antimicrobial drugs

SB 835, introduced in 2014 by Sen. Jerry Hill (D), District 13

  • Prohibits the Secretary of Food and Agriculture from registering medically important antimicrobial drugs for use in food-producing animals
  • Manufacturers are required to revise the condition of use for medically important antimicrobials from over the counter availability to veterinary feed directive or veterinary prescription
  • Requires a veterinarian-client-patient relationship prior to use of medically important antimicrobial

Status: At press time, the bill passed the Senate Agriculture Committee. It now must pass the Senate Appropriations Committee and a Senate vote before being sent to the California State Assembly.

 

2)   Maryland

Agriculture: Commercial feed and drinking water — antimicrobial drug prohibition

SB 520, introduced in 2013 by Sen. Karen Montgomery (D), District 14

  • Prohibits a person from using, selling or distributing commercial feed or drinking water intended for a specified use that contains specified antimicrobial drugs on or after Oct. 1, 2016

Status: Bill considered dead at the end of 2013 session.

Labeling of antibiotic use in meat and poultry

SB 521, introduced in 2013 by Sen. Karen Montgomery (D), District 14

  • Requires meat and poultry that are raised, processed and sold in the state to bear a label identifying each antibiotic that was fed or administered to the animal

Status: Bill considered dead at the end of 2013 session.

 

3)   Minnesota

Non-therapeutic use of certain drugs prohibited

HF 1290, introduced in 2013 by Rep. Phyllis Kahn (DFL), District 60B

  • Prohibits the non-therapeutic use of antimicrobial drugs for food animals
  • Prohibits the sale of food produced from animals administered antimicrobial drugs for non-therapeutic uses

Status: At press time, the bill was referred to Agriculture Policy after its first reading, the sponsor has asked for a hearing in the House Ag Committee.

 

Prohibitions on use of non-therapeutic antimicrobials in food-producing animals

SF 1285, introduced by Sen. Kari Dziedzic (DFL), District 60

  • Prohibits the use of non-therapeutic use of antimicrobials drugs for food-producing animals and prohibits the sale of food products derived from these animals

Status: At press time, Senator unsure of bill renewal.

 

Medically important antibiotics in animal feed use prohibition; disposal of prescription drugs containing antibiotics prohibition

SF 1638, introduced in 2013 by Sen. John Marty (DFL), District 66

  • Prohibits the non-therapeutic use of medically important antibiotics used in human medicine in animal feeds
  • Prohibits the disposal of any prescription antibiotic into the wastewater disposal system
  • Requires additional reporting on the surveillance of bacteria in meats and in drinking and surface water

Status: At press time, the bill is not actively being pursued.

 

4)New Jersey

Resolution expressing support for the national ban of non-therapeutic uses of antibiotics in livestock

ARC 165 introduced by Assemblywomen Nancy Pinkin (D), District 18, and Shanonda Sumter (D), District 35

Urges Congress and the FDA to institute a mandatory ban on non-therapeutic uses of antibiotics in livestock including significant oversight in therapeutic use as well

Status: Introduced in June and referred to Assembly Agriculture and Natural Resources Committee.

 

5) New York

Restrictions on non-therapeutic use of antimicrobial agents in animals in the absence of clinical signs of disease

AB 769, introduced in 2012 by Assemblyman Brian Kavanagh (D), District 74

  • Amends the agriculture and markets law
  • Places restrictions on the non-therapeutic use of antimicrobial agents in the absence of clinical signs of disease in animals
  • Prohibits the sale or transport within the state of any food product from animals that received non-therapeutic use of antimicrobials

Status: At press time, the bill was referred to Agriculture Committee.

Restrictions on non-therapeutic use of antimicrobial agents in animals in the absence of an clinical signs of disease

SB 233, introduced in 2012 by Sen. Daniel L. Squadron (D), District 26

  • Concurrent bill to AB 769 (described above)

Status: At press time, the bill was referred to the Agriculture Committee.

 

6) North Carolina

Study antibiotics fed to livestock

H 780 introduced by Rep. Pricey Harrison (D) District 57

  • Recommends that the state study the potential reporting of antibiotic use in livestock raised in North Carolina

Status: At press time, the legislation was referred to the Committee on Rules, Calendar and Operations.

 

7) Pennsylvania

Safe food and safe families act

HB 1195, introduced in 2013 by Representative Michael H. O’Brien (D), District 175

  • Prohibits administration of certain antimicrobial agents
  •  Provides for inspection and testing of agricultural operations
  • Enhanced reporting and enforcement of operations
  •   Alternatives to the administration of antimicrobial agents to animals

Status: As of press time, likely to be reintroduced in 2015.

 

Safe food and safe families act

SB 531, introduced by Sen. Daylin Leach (D), District 17

  • Concurrent bill to HB 1195 (described above)

Status: As of press time, bill has been introduced in every session since 2007; will be reintroduced in 2015.

 

8) West Virginia

Prohibiting the use of prophylactic feeding of antibiotics to livestock

HB 2112, introduced in 2013 by Rep. Mike Manypenny (D) District 49

  • Requires the state commissioner of agriculture to put into law new rules prohibiting the prophylactic feed of antibiotics to livestock and monitoring of livestock feeds (proposed amendment to WV Code 19-14-3)

Status: As of press time, the session had adjourned. 

 

 


Share your opinion

California
Assemblyman Kevin Mullin (D), District 22
Ph: 916-319-2022
Email: http://asmdc.org/members/a22/

Sen. Jerry Hill (D), District 13
Ph: 916-651-4013
Email: http://sd13.senate.ca.gov/

Maryland
Sen. Karen S. Montgomery (D) District 14
Ph: 800-492-7122 ext. 3625
Email: [email protected]

Minnesota
Rep. Phyllis Kahn (DFL), District 60B
Ph: 651-296-4257
Email: [email protected]

Sen. Kari Dziedzic (DFL), District 60
Ph: 651-296-7809
Email: [email protected]

Sen. John Marty (DFL), District 66
Ph: 651-296-5645
Email: [email protected]

North Carolina
Rep. Pricey Harrison (D), District 57
Ph: 919-733-5771
Email: [email protected]

New Jersey
Assemblywoman Nancy Pinkin (D), District 18
Ph: 732-548-1406
Email: http://www.njleg.state.nj.us/members

Assemblywoman Shanonda Sumter (D), District 35
Ph: 973-925-7061
Email: [email protected]

New York
Assemblyman Brian Kavanagh (D), District 74
Ph: 212-979-9696
Email: [email protected]

Sen. Daniel L. Squadron (D), District 26
Ph: 212-298-5565
Email: [email protected]

Pennsylvania
Rep. Michael H. O’Brien (D), District 175
Ph: 215-503-3245
Email: http://www.pahouse.com/obrien/

Sen. Daylin Leach (D), District 17
Ph: 717-787-5544
Email: http://www.senatorleach.com/contact-daylin

West Virginia
Rep. Mike Manypenny (D), District 49
Ph: 304-340-3139
Email: [email protected]

 


Cities seek to restrict on-farm antibiotics, too

In addition to legislation at the federal and state levels attempting to restrict antibiotic use in food animals, eight city governments recently passed resolutions in support of a ban on non-therapeutic — or preventive — uses of antibiotics in livestock production.

These resolutions were filed to demonstrate support for the Strategies to Address Antimicrobial Resistance (STAAR) Act, which is designed to prevent antibiotic-resistant bacteria in the food supply.

Cities passing resolutions include Pittburgh, PA; Cleveland, OH; Providence, RI; Redhook, NJ; Secaucus, NJ; Madison, WI; St. Paul, MN; and Seattle, WA.

 


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